VitiSynth Full Entry

Reference: Assessing water footprint in a wine appellation- A case study for Ribeiro in Galicia, Spain
Key Statements


The water footprint profile was analyzed for grape used in vinification in the Ribeiro appellation (Spain) for the period 2000–2009. The ISO 14046 framework was followed to address the quantitative —freshwater scarcity— and qualitative —degradation— water-related impacts from a life cycle perspective. The timeline perspective allowed the analysis of the fluctuation of impacts for this kind of product. For the quantitative blue water-related impacts, the Available WAter REmaining (AWARE) method was implemented to assess the freshwater scarcity impacts, being the selection of characterization factors (CFs) essential to establish the main impact contributors, especially for direct water consumption at spatial scale. Blue water scarcity impact results varied considerably during the period assessed, mainly due to changes in the harvest yield. The impact results obtained from the AWARE method were compared with the results obtained with other water-related impact assessment methods —water stress index and water depletion. The results for both share the same trends as the AWARE method, with direct water consumption representing 30%–40% of the total contributions throughout the assessed period. The green water scarcity footprint was also evaluated, showing that there are perturbations in the production of surface blue water and green moisture recycled to the atmosphere. The sensitivity analysis on green water CFs showed high variations in green water scarcity footprint results, highlighting the relevance of deriving spatially differentiated and crop-specific green water CFs to assess real water consumption impacts on crop fields properly. On-field emissions were the primary responsible for water degradation impacts; in particular, those resulting from fuel consumption, pesticides application and fertilization. The sensitivity analysis conducted for pesticides emissions highlighted the necessity of a consensus dispersion model to address them.

(highlighting by VitiSynth)

Link to paper-

Partially indexed reference.

View Interactions

VitiSynth Review
Go Back


Publication Details

Published: 2017
Publication: Journal of Cleaner Production
Issue: 2017 Online November 2017
Author: Villanueva Rey P 2017


Related Video

None for this Entry

Related Audio

None for this Entry

Discuss this Entry

No related discussions available.

Join Discussion

Latest Discussions
Special Report

Date: 29th October 2015
Reference:Journal:Weed Technology:2015:Online October 2015:Devkota P 2015:Influence of Spray Solution Temperature and Holding Duration on Weed Control with Premixed Glyphosate and Dicamba Formulation

Pesticides in general are chemical products, therefore the quality of ...Read more

Date: 3rd February 2015
Polls:0009:Data standards:03 Malvidin-3-glucoside or Malvidin-3-O-glucoside or Malvidin 3-O-β-D-glucoside?

Malvidin-3-glucoside or Malvidin-3-O-glucoside or Malvidin 3-O-β-D-gl...Read more

Date: 26th January 2015
Admin Synth:Guides:Data standards:Wine industry research papers (draft standard)

I think we should be developing a standard for wine industry research ...Read more

Wine Industry Data Standards.. Read more