ADVANCED INTERACTION SEARCH

VitiSynth Full Entry

Reference: Accumulation of volatile phenol glycoconjugates in grapes following grapevine exposure to smoke and potential mitigation of smoke taint by foliar application of kaolin
Key Statements

Abstract-

The accumulation of volatile phenol glycoconjugates in smoke-exposed grapes was monitored following grapevine exposure to smoke, with different glycoconjugate profiles observed for fruit sampled 1 and 7 days after smoke exposure, and at maturity. Foliar application of kaolin reduced the concentration of volatile phenol glycoconjugates in smoke-exposed fruit, but efficacy depended on the rate of application and extent of coverage.
Smoke taint can be found in wines made from grapes exposed to smoke from bushfires or prescribed burns. It is characterized by objectionable smoky and ashy aromas and flavors, which have been attributed to the presence of smoke-derived volatile phenols, in free and glycoconjugate forms. This study investigated: (1) the accumulation of volatile phenol glycoconjugates in grapes following the application of smoke to Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay and Merlot grapevines at approximately 10 days post-veraison; and (2) the potential mitigation of smoke taint as a consequence of foliar applications of kaolin (a clay-based protective film) prior to grapevine smoke exposure. Varietal differences were observed in the glycoconjugate profiles of smoke-exposed grapes; the highest glycoconjugate levels were found in Merlot grapes, being pentose-glucosides of guaiacol, cresols, and phenol, and gentiobiosides of guaiacol and syringol. Changes in volatile phenol glycoconjugate profiles were also observed with time, i.e., between fruit sampled 1 day after smoke exposure and at maturity. The application of kaolin did not significantly affect the glycoconjugate profiles of Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay grapes, but significantly lower volatile phenol glycoconjugate levels were observed in Merlot fruit that was treated with kaolin prior to smoke exposure. The potential for control and smoke-exposed grapes to be differentiated by measurement of spectral reflectance was also demonstrated.

(highlighting by VitiSynth)

Link to paper-

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00425-018-03079-x

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-03079-x


Partially indexed reference.

View Interactions

VitiSynth Review
Go Back

Vitisynth

Publication Details

Published: 2019
Publication: Planta
Issue: 2019 Online January 2019
Author: van der Hulst L 2019
Recommendation:

NOT SET

Related Video

None for this Entry

Related Audio

None for this Entry

Discuss this Entry

No related discussions available.

Join Discussion

Latest Discussions
Special Report

Date: 29th October 2015
Reference:Journal:Weed Technology:2015:Online October 2015:Devkota P 2015:Influence of Spray Solution Temperature and Holding Duration on Weed Control with Premixed Glyphosate and Dicamba Formulation

Pesticides in general are chemical products, therefore the quality of ...Read more

Date: 3rd February 2015
Polls:0009:Data standards:03 Malvidin-3-glucoside or Malvidin-3-O-glucoside or Malvidin 3-O-β-D-glucoside?

Malvidin-3-glucoside or Malvidin-3-O-glucoside or Malvidin 3-O-β-D-gl...Read more

Date: 26th January 2015
Admin Synth:Guides:Data standards:Wine industry research papers (draft standard)

I think we should be developing a standard for wine industry research ...Read more

Wine Industry Data Standards.. Read more

test