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Reference: Impact of micro-oxygenation timing and rate of addition on color stabilization and chromatic characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon wines
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Abstract-

The presented study evaluated anthocyanins, anthocyanin-derived pigments and chromatic characteristics of six micro-oxygenation treatments resulting from applying oxygen at different times and rates. Oxygen was applied before malolactic fermentation (MLF) at a rate of zero or 20 mg O2/L/month and after MLF at rates of zero, 4.5 or 9 mg O2/L/month. LC-MS analysis after 6 months of bottle aging indicated that the formation of anthocyanin-derived compounds was related to the acetaldehyde (ACH) levels. When observing an increase in the level of ACH, formation of compounds was enhanced in which ACH was involved as B-type vitisins. Otherwise, where ACH was not involved, compounds as A-type vitisins, pinotins and direct adducts, were formed. Although the wine was filtered after MLF, only a marginal increase in the ACH concentration was observed during post-MLF MOX. This increase occurred only in wines that had previously received pre-MLF MOX. When MOX was applied at both moments and highest rates, wines produced a higher yellow color component (b*) and hue (hab) than the rest of the wines. These CIELab parameters were highly correlated with flavanyl-pyranoanthocyanins. These results suggest that in order to stabilize wine color, it is recommended to apply MOX before and after MLF.

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Link to paper-

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0023643821009294?via%3Dihub

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2021.111776


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Publication Details

Published: 2021
Publication: LWT
Issue: 2021 Online May 2021
Author: Catania A 2021
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