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Reference: Total and Hot-Water Extractable Organic Carbon and Nitrogen in Organic Soil Amendments- Their Prediction Using Portable Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy with Support Vector Machines
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Abstract-

Against the background of climate change mitigation, organic amendments (OA) may contribute to store carbon (C) in soils, given that the OA provide a sufficient stability and resistance to degradation. In terms of the evaluation of OA behavior in soil, total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), and the ratio of TOC to TN (CN-ratio) are important basic indicators. Hot-water extractable carbon (hwC) and nitrogen (hwN) as well as their ratios to TOC and TN are appropriate to characterize a labile pool of organic matter. As for quickly determining these properties, mid-infrared spectroscopy (MIRS) in combination with calibrations based on machine learning methods are potentially capable of analyzing various OA attributes. Recently available portable devices (pMIRS) might replace established benchtop devices (bMIRS) as they have potential for on-site measurements that would facilitate the workflow. Here, we used non-linear support vector machines (SVM) to calibrate prediction models for a heterogeneous dataset of greenwaste composts and biochar compost substrates (BCS) (n = 45) using bMIRS and pMIRS instruments on ground samples. Calibrated models for both devices were validated on separate test sets and showed similar results. Ten OA were sieved to particle size classes (psc’s) of >4 mm, 2–4 mm, 0.5–2 mm, and <0.5 mm. A universal SVM model was then developed for all OA and psc’s (n = 162) via pMIRS. Validation revealed that the models provided reliable predictions for most parameters (R2 = 0.49–0.93; ratio of performance to interquartile distance (RPIQ) = 1.19–5.70). We conclude that (i) the examined parameters are sensitive towards chemical composition of OA as well as particle size distribution and can therefore be used as indicators for labile carbon and nitrogen pools of OA, (ii) prediction models based on SVM and pMIRS are a feasible approach to predict the examined C and N pools in organic amendments and their particle size class, and (iii) pMIRS can provide valuable information for optimized application of OA on cultivated soils at low costs and efforts.

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Link to paper-

https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/11/4/659

https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040659


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Publication Details

Published: 2021
Publication: Agronomy
Issue: 2021 11-4-659
Author: Wehrle R 2021
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