Enter user name and password:


VitiSynth Full Entry

Reference: Developing active and intelligent films through the incorporation of grape skin and seed tannin extracts into gelatin
Key Statements


To achieve sustainability in the wine industry, by-products from winery operations are being diverted from waste streams and turned into beneficial use. Grape seed tannin (SeedT) and skin tannin (SkinT) extracts were used to modify the properties of gelatin films, and to prepare active/intelligent films. The SeedT extract showed a higher phenolic content (~ 440 mg gallic acid (GA)/g extract) and antioxidant inhibition (~ 20 %) than the SkinT extract (14 mg GA/g extract, 2 % antioxidant inhibition), while both extracts presented colour variations with an increase of solution pH. The addition of extracts into the gelatin formulation resulted in coloured and transparent films with lower wettability (water contact angle increased up to 92°) and higher UV-light absorbance (secondary antioxidant function) properties. The films were capable of releasing tannins by up to 20 % which led to antioxidant inhibition values of up to 13 % (primary antioxidant function). The addition of SkinT tannins into the films provided the films with a pH indicator ability (intelligent function).

Link to paper-



Partially indexed reference.

View Interactions

VitiSynth Review
Go Back


Academic association dedicated to vine, grape and wine sciences publishing open access scientific articles

Publication Details

Published: 2022
Publication: Food Packaging and Shelf Life
Issue: 2022 33-100896
Author: Etxabide A 2022


Related Video

None for this Entry

Related Audio

None for this Entry

Discuss this Entry

No related discussions available.

Join Discussion

Latest Discussions
Special Report

Date: 19th April 2020
Vine Synth:Growth stage:VS 4 Flowering:VS 4c Bud development:VS 4c.2 Differentiation of main axis of anlage into inflorescence rachis primordium or tendril primordium

The development of inflorescence primordia (IP) is clearly described i...Read more

Date: 16th February 2020
Admin Synth:Guides:Data standards:Colour codes

I think it would be very useful if we have standard colour codes for e...Read more

Date: 29th October 2015
Reference:Journal:Weed Technology:2015:Online October 2015:Devkota P 2015:Influence of Spray Solution Temperature and Holding Duration on Weed Control with Premixed Glyphosate and Dicamba Formulation

Pesticides in general are chemical products, therefore the quality of ...Read more

List of sponsors.. Read more