Enter user name and password:


VitiSynth Full Entry

Reference: Impact of closures on aroma of godello and torrontés white wines post-bottling
Key Statements


Aromatic composition contributes mainly to the quality aroma of white wine. A natural and gradual evolution of the aroma in the bottle occurs over storage with a very low oxygen content. During storage, volatile compounds change as a result of the occurrence of numerous reactions. These chemical and physical processes are influenced by the type and quality of the closures, storage conditions (temperature, light exposure or relative humidity), packaging, etc. [1]. Traditional winemaking mostly uses cork closure, but new natural or synthetic closures have been reported as solution to eliminate some disadvantages of natural corks and can be suppose an alternative stoppers for the wine industry [2]. Several studies have evaluated the impact of different closures on the aroma of some white wine varieties, such as Chardonnay [3], Semillon [4], Sauvignon blanc [5], Verdejo [6], etc. This study aimed to show that the evolution of wine aroma attributes of two white varieties stopped with different closures after two years of bottle storage. Unwooded Godello and Torrontés wines from 2013 vintage were sourced from the same winery. In 2014-may, industrial wines were fractioned in 750 mL transparent glass bottles and closed with three different closures: Natural cork, micro-agglomerated cork and synthetic stopper. Bottled wines were stored in darkness at low temperature (10-15 °C) during 2 years. Sampling was performed at 12, 18, 24 and 30 months after vintage. Wine samples were extracted, in triplicate, with dichloromethane and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate prior to analysis by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) or coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) [7]. Compounds identification was based on the comparison with authentic reference standards. Fifteen days after chemical analysis, wines were evaluated by sensory descriptive analysis with 7-10 trained judges. Sensory odorant attributes (floral, fruity, grass, spicy, woody, sulfurous and caramel) were punctuated on an 0-10 scale. Mouthfeel sensations and odorant descriptors were also evaluated globally, as well the global punctuation for the wine overall quality.Wines from the two varieties showed different aromatic profiles, but their evolution during bottle-storage were similar. As expected, the chemical evolution was characterised by decreases of the acetates and ethyl esters contents, and increases of other volatile compounds such as diethyl succinate or volatile phenols [7]. Changes in sensory evaluation were also took place, altering the sensory profile of both wines, changing from fruity and floral notes (higher in November-2015, third sampling) to toasty and spicy nuances. The preference of type of closure was different according to the storage-time. For this reason, the choice of closure type is crucial to preserve the wine aroma quality and to predict their shelf life.

Link to paper-


Partially indexed reference.

View Interactions

VitiSynth Review
Go Back


Due to the complex nature of Ercofid Pure-Liquid and its capability to act on several different wine faults simultaneously, wines can be treated much more precisely and the positive aromas remain unharmed.

Publication Details

Published: 2021
Publication: Macrowine 2021
Issue: 2021 23-30 June 2021
Author: Falque E 2021


Related Video

None for this Entry

Related Audio

None for this Entry

Discuss this Entry

No related discussions available.

Join Discussion

Latest Discussions
Special Report

Date: 19th April 2020
Synth:Growth stage:VS 4 Flowering:VS 4c Bud development:VS 4c.2 Differentiation of main axis of anlage into inflorescence rachis primordium or tendril primordium

The development of inflorescence primordia (IP) is clearly described i...Read more

Date: 16th February 2020
Synth:Guides:Data standards:Colour codes

I think it would be very useful if we have standard colour codes for e...Read more

Date: 29th October 2015
Reference:Journal:Weed Technology:2015:Online October 2015:Devkota P 2015:Influence of Spray Solution Temperature and Holding Duration on Weed Control with Premixed Glyphosate and Dicamba Formulation

Pesticides in general are chemical products, therefore the quality of ...Read more

List of sponsors.. Read more